Pacha. Revista de Estudios Contemporáneos del Sur Global <p><strong>PACHA. Revista de Estudios Contemporáneos del Sur Global</strong> is a four-month peer-reviewed electronic journal that publishes articles that address spaces and peoples negatively impacted by contemporary capitalist globalization (Latin America, Africa, Asia, and the Middle East).</p> <p>The journal accepts original, previously unpublished papers in Spanish, English, and Portuguese, which are the product of a research or a review and which are not being evaluated by other scientific journals, either in print or electronic form.</p> <p>The journal is aimed at researchers based in the Global South, professors from the main research centers as well as the works of young researchers. Includes original empirical and theoretical contributions.</p> CICSH-AL. CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN CIENCIAS SOCIALES Y HUMANIDADES DESDE AMÉRICA LATINA - RELIGACIÓN en-US Pacha. Revista de Estudios Contemporáneos del Sur Global Territory and identity in “Lumbanga; oral memories of Afro-Chilean culture”, by Cristian Báez Lazcano <p>The black African presence in Chile is an indisputable fact of the national reality, which after decades of concealment is being re-visibilized thanks to the continuous effort of activists like Cristián Báez Lazcano. Through the testimonies of the elderly who today are recognized as Afro-Chileans, mainly from the Azapa Valley, this paper analyses the construction of the identity discourse from a territorial approach. It also presents an overview of the different ways in which Chileans of African origin reflect the image they have of themselves and of other members of society.</p> Jean Arsene Yao Copyright (c) 2020 2020-04-27 2020-04-27 1 1 9 22 Territory, work and cultural policies: a necessary link in Uruguay <p>This article presents primary results of an research that has been funded by the University of the Republic, in Uruguay during 20015-2019. The cultural policies produced in Uruguay created since 2007 have been monitored, especially those that are innovative and differ from traditional ones. As well as those that give rise to a new institutionality where the global does not seem to be the parameter to be followed but rather the rescue of the local, national, and regional. This time the policies analyzed are from the MEC Centers, Cultural Plants and the Artist's Statute. The results achieved show us a country that in cultural terms is heterogeneous and complex. Through them an interesting articulation between the territory, artistic work and cultural policies has been appreciated. Ambitious and far-reaching goals have been proposed from the State, however, the perception of the target population is far from expected. The effects of these policies are diverse and suggest that there is still a long way to go.</p> Susana Dominzain Copyright (c) 2020 Susana Dominzain 2020-04-30 2020-04-30 1 1 23 31 Culture of Gender in the Universities in the framework of socioformation and sustainable social development: Documentary Analysis <p>A significant presence of women in university’s spaces prompts the need to investigate gender culture in universities. Mainly, since discrimination and inequities still persist towards women in educational spaces. To assist this, need a documental analysis was done. This text expounds the different theoretical lines that help in the analysis of gender culture in universities, as well as, the subjects and evidence of gender inequality. The authors of the reviewed studies concur on the invaluable opportunity that this communities have as trainers that question and renew the social and cultural model of the gender stereotypes. Hence, an agreement is proposed between the socioformative focus, in its axis of sustainable social development and the construction of a culture of gender equality on university spaces</p> Ana María Hernández-López Josemanuel Luna-Nemecio Karina X. Atayde-Manríquez Copyright (c) 2020 2020-04-30 2020-04-30 1 1 32 44 Silenced deaths. Notes to think about indigenous femicides in Argentina <p class="p1">#Niunamenos it is a shout that roars laud, that unites, contains, and mobilizes many women throughout the Latin American continent. Despite this, we are compelled to investigate the various intensities of this cry, we are urged to attend and amplify the whispers that faintly echo inland. It is time to speak up and make indigenous femicides visible in a racist and patriarchal country like Argentina. For this reason, the present work sets out to delve into the reality of indigenous women, especially in their denunciations of the multiple forms of violence that they suffer as a result of the advancement of the extractivist model with the approval of the governments in office. This document develops theoretical reflections that seek to articulate political theory with central contributions from feminist and gender studies.</p> Suyai García Gualda Copyright (c) 2020 Suyai García Gualda 2020-04-30 2020-04-30 1 1 45 55 Between barriers and strategies: Experiences of access to public health services of Peruvian migrant women <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The aim of this paper is to analyze the experience in public health access by peruvian migrant women, in the city of Cordoba, Argentina, from 2018 to 2019. We reflect, from an intersectional analysis, how gender, class, nationality and race overlap and create barriers to public health access, and the strategies that operate to overcome barriers. For this, we use a qualitative methodology, which mainly takes up ethnographic interviews with Peruvian migrant women who are users of a health institution characterized by having a large influx of migrants. We also make participant observations in said establishment and secondary data analysis.</span></p> Valentina Biondini Copyright (c) 2020 Valentina Biondini 2020-04-30 2020-04-30 1 1 56 67 Access, uses and problems in virtual education: an approach to the experiences of students and teachers during compulsory quarantine in Argentina <p class="p1">This article aims to reconstruct a state of a situation based on the experiences and representations of teachers and students, during the period of compulsory quarantine, in the context of the global pandemic by Covid-19. From this, an attempt is made to contribute to deepening the debate about the transformations and emerging problems that are taking place within the framework of the so-called virtual education, paying special attention to the current scenario that is opening up alongside the implementation of confinement policies or preventive isolation. It is expected that reading like this, in terms of access, uses, and problems will allow us to closely follow the inequalities that affect the countries of our region.</p> Andrés Hernández Copyright (c) 2020 Andrés Hernández 2020-04-30 2020-04-30 1 1 68 75 Youth, authoritarianism and "rock movement" in the Uruguayan transition (1980-1989) <p>This work proposes an initial approach to the characteristics of Uruguayan post-dictatorial democracy in light of the inheritances of the dictatorship and the new authoritarian forms that were configured, emphasizing the impact that authoritarianism Post-dictatorship had on young people and the way in which they channeled their complaints, articulated their resistance and organized alternative proposals through an important repertoire of political-cultural actions, where rock music played a central role. Methodologically, an analysis of the bibliography produced in Uruguay on the subject has been carried out, as well as significant works at the regional level, and the content of several musical pieces that make up the repertoire of important Uruguayan rock groups from the epoch.</p> Álvaro Sosa Cabrera Copyright (c) 2020 Alvaro Sosa Cabrera 2020-04-30 2020-04-30 1 1 76 85 National strategic program for the correct management of waste in Mexico <p>This article performs a documentary analysis of the main regulatory instruments in the field of waste management at the international level. In this regard, some of the practices in Italy, Norway and Sweden are explored; the current situation of waste management policies in Mexico is discussed; likewise, in general, the main causes for which Mexico today lacks a strategic program for the application of existing legislation that allows the practical exercise of the inherent rights and obligations are identified, and are indicated the fundamental effects on the environment; finally, there is a need for a national strategic program for the proper management of waste in favor of the rational use and sustainable social development.</p> Sergio Javier Medina Peñaloza Copyright (c) 2020 2020-04-30 2020-04-30 1 1 88 97